Innovative hi-tech form|
The shell of Micrasim capsule is fast dissolved in the stomach, releasing the microgranules. Little granules get to the intestine in a glance and right away start to act, normalizing the digestion.
Indispensible for GIT problems|
Micrasim is indispensible, when digestion process is impaired or in cases of pancreatic insufficiency. Microgranules of the drug, which contain enzymes, will help improving digestion and getting rid of discomfort in the stomach.
There is no such thing as to much ravioli!|
There are so many tasty and different foods in the world – why stop oneself from getting those pleasures? Just one capsule of Micrasim will make the meal more pleasant, ensuring sense of easy and comfort.
The pancreas is located behind the stomach, its bile duct opens into the duodenum. Pancreatitis is a disease caused by the inflammatory process in the tissues of this organ.
The pancreas performs two main functions:
If the patency of the bile ducts is broken for any reason, the pressure of pancreatic juice increases in them. The gland cells are damaged. In acute pancreatitis, the mechanism of "self-digestion" of tissues is triggered. The result of chronically ongoing inflammation is a permanent deficit of digestive enzymes, replacing glandular cells by a connective tissue, followed by a weakening exocrine function, as well as bad producing hormones.
Many classifications of pancreatitis have been created on different grounds.
In accordance with international classification of diseases, there is:
Variants of acute pancreatitis are:
Types of chronic inflammatory process of the pancreas:
|Calcifying||Drinking alcohol||Chronic damage to the smallest pancreatic bile ducts causes forming gradually calcifying slugs|
|Obstructive||Cholelithiasis, tumor, cicatricial deformation||It occurs during compressing large bile ducts; the cells are damaged again due to increasing in-duct pressure|
|Parenchymal-fibrous||Autoimmune process, recurrent inflammation||It is rare and accompanied by a common damaged glandular cells|
Chronic pancreatitis can be asymptomatic, but more often there is alternating remissions and exacerbations. During the remission, the patient does not complain. The exacerbation of the chronic inflammatory process is accompanied by appearing symptoms.
The disease occurs due to the following factors:
Childish pancreatitis is often associated with both congenital and acquired (opisthorchiasis) pathological structure of the bile duct and pancreas. The cause of the childich disease is often a blunt abdominal trauma. A certain role is played by infections - herpes,mononucleosis, parotitis, salmonellosis.
The leading symptom of pancreatitis is varying painful upper abdomen. The pain occurs suddenly or develops gradually. Often, this sign appears after having meal or drinking alcohol.
Signs of acute gland inflammation:
Symptoms of chronic form of pancreatitis:
When 80% of the glandular cells are destroyed, secondary diabetes mellitus develops.
Pancreatitis can be accompanied by the complications:
To confirm the diagnosis of pancreatitis, in addition to analyzing the patient`s complaints, medical history and examination, doctors use methods of laboratory and instrumental diagnostics.
If severe inflammatory process happens in the gland, nonspecific changes are revealed during blood analysis: an increase in the number of white cells and ESR. Such disorders are stated in acute and a third of cases of exacerbation of the disease. The remaining patients have no changes in the blood test.
The main biochemical sign of the disease is appearing numerous enzymes in the blood and urine, which are necessary for the starch cleavage. It is an enzyme of amylase; During urine researching it is called diastase. In addition, the concentration of other pancreatic enzymes also increases: lipase, phospholipase A2, trypsin, elastases.
Additional biochemical signs of pancreatitis:
Revealing enzymes in the blood is observed in the acute course of the disease and exacerbation of the chronic form of the pathology. In many patients, analyzes remain normal. Therefore, the key role in the diagnosing disease, especially its chronic forms, belongs to instrumental research.
Additional value for detecting exocrine insufficiency, that is, lack of digestive enzymes, has a coprogram, i.e. stool research. There are muscle fibers, neutral fats and starch grains in the feces.
Computer or magnetic resonance imaging is beneficial to diagnose acute pancreatitis. They make it possible to detect destructed glandular cells and edema of tissues. The diagnosis is confirmed by laparoscopy.
Methods of diagnosing chronic inflammation of the pancreas:
Inflammation of the pancreas can happen for different causes, feature different symptoms and treatment. That is why a gastroenterologist`s consultation is required to learn how to treat pancreatitis on a case-by-case basis.
All patients suffering from pancreatitis are prescribed therapeutic nutrition.
During an exacerbation, the patient should refuse to having meal for 1 to 2 days, then start gradual drinking unsweetened tea, having croutons, water-based liquid porridges, soup-mash, and omelet.
During a remission, the patient should limit having fat and carbohydrate. The patient should have warm baked or steamed dishes 6 times a day.
The following meal should be excluded:
In acute pancreatitis, hospitalization is required. Treatment is often conducted in the intensive care unit. Intensive infusion therapy (intravenous injection of solutions aimed at removing intoxication) and anesthesia are carried out. The stroke duration amounts several days.
With necrotic form, a surgical operation is performed, aimed at removing dead tissue. If the attack is caused by cholelithiasis, surgeons remove the gallbladder. As a result, inflammation of the pancreas subsides.
During the therapy, drugs replacing enzymatic function of the gland are used. Micrasim is a modern medicinal product containing pancreatin. This substance replaces the missing enzymes - lipase, amylase, protease. The protection of the drug microparticles against acting acidic stomach environment allows the drug to penetrate fast into the duodenum. Enzymatic therapy is carried out for a long time, taht allows the body to assimilate nutrients properly. At the same time, the patient should follow the diet and stop drinking alcohol. With developing pancreatitis exacerbation, medicines oppressing pancreas function are prescribed.
If the disease is associated with bad patency of the excretory ducts of the gland, a surgical intervention can be required to eliminate it.
Tokens of chronic pancreatitis requiring surgery:
The main way to prevent pancreatitis in adults is to limit drinking alcoholic beverages. The proper diet without having irritating meal, fast food, and avoiding injuries are recommended to prevent the illness in children.
Secondary prevention, that is, prevention of recurrences, exacerbations and complications, includes:
If these conditions are met, pancreatitis does not lead to serious consequences, the health prognosis is favorable.
Important: Before using, read the instructions or consult your doctor